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What is a data recovery software and how does it work?

By Alex Harris

Nov 17, 2021

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Much has been done already when it comes to data loss and recovery. But that doesn’t mean we don’t have anything more to do in order to further protect our data. That’s why, in this article, we’ll try to explain what data recovery consists of and how a data recovery software works.

What is data recovery?

Whenever we store our data, there is always a chance that it can somehow get lost due to reasons such as being hacked, damaged, or even deleted accidentally. These mistakes will often occur because of human error or malicious attacks on a specific data storage. The great news is that lost data can often be quickly restored. Here’s how it all works.

Data recovery is used to describe how we can retrieve or restore lost data from a storage device. This is possible because whenever we delete or lose something, important information remains on the storage space as it is always stored in different places. This article focuses on helping you to read more on how data recovery works but please note that there are various techniques used to recover files.

Generally, data restoration is divided into two parts: the ones that require software involvement and the ones that involve hardware repair—software approach action is always more common than hardware recovery.

Understanding data recovery software

Data recovery software refers to data loss recovery applications created to help you restore your lost data with ease. These applications come in handy whenever you can’t access work that was previously accessible. Some of the best data recovery software on the market that one can install for data recovery includes disk drill by clever files, photoRec, Recuva, and more.

Data recovery software such as Disk Drill by CleverFiles comes in handy when you need to get back lost files or data by scanning storage devices looking for corrupted or deleted files and finally trying to recover them accordingly. It can be categorised into four main groups: free, paid, beginners and professionals. Always consider this before picking a specific software.

Free software are software you do not need to pay for; hence why they’re so great at minimising budget cost. This type of software can be downloaded and installed by anyone, at any time. The only disadvantage of such software is that some essential features are permanently restricted. Equally, their time frame is always limited, which can fail you when you need it the most. Paid software require a subscription for one to use it. They are characterised majorly by frequent updates and tend to function better than free software. Equally, because of the payment one has to make to access them, they offer excellent customer service through email or live chats.

Thirdly, the beginners’ software come with an intuitive graphic user interface (GUI). The advantage of this is that there can be many options that a user must choose from. You can easily guide those in their beginning stages on how to use the software so as not to be confused. Last but not least, professionals’ software have advanced features such as the ability to sense a large number of and work with many file formats with ease. It goes without saying that such data recovery apps should be used by those who clearly understand the process of recovering lost data.

How does a data recovery software work?

It’s important to note that you can retrieve lost data, but once it is overwritten, you cannot restore data. When you delete data on your laptop, it automatically moves to your desktop’s bin and can be quickly restored. Now, to recover your lost data, a data recovery software will scan your storage device and help you get it back, even if you’ve emptied your desktop’s bin. On data recovery software of your choice, you’ll then be able to access a preview of the files you wish to recover.

A data recovery software can easily analyse files and folders, giving detailed information about a specific file, such as file name and time. Scanning files are detected and then reconstructed, or the data recovery software can also search for known file types based on common patterns. This is so far the best method for file recovery. You can quickly recover your files and store them on an SD card, a USB flash disk or even a mobile phone.

What is a data recovery software and how does it work?


By Alex Harris

Nov 17, 2021

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AI

An algorithm is challenging the most intelligent human minds in debate. What happens when it wins?

By Harriet Piercy

Apr 5, 2021

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In 2019, a globally recognised debate champion, Harish Natarajan, took part in a live debate with a five and a half foot tall rectangular computer screen, in front of around 800 people. The topic of discussion? Whether or not preschool should be subsidised. The topic is not really the point here however, but the fact that Natarajan had a heated discussion with a computer system, is. This particular algorithm has evolved rather quickly since then too, and it’s inching closer to engaging in the type of complex human interaction that’s represented by formal argumentation.

For a bit of back context: IBM’s Deep Blue was the first computer to defeat a reigning chess champion, Garry Kasparov in 1997, then fourteen years later IBM’s Watson defeated the all-star Jeopardy! players Brad Rutter and Ken Jennings. By this point, intelligent computers were solidified, but a lot of the tests to reach this clarification were based on clear winner or loser outcomes. In other words, the coding behind such technological masterminds led to a defined binary algorithmic path to victory, presenting that in fact a system which could interact with the nuance that enables complex conversation with human beings was still not possible. That is until (potentially) now.

A study published by Nature shows a startling progress within the Artificial Intelligence (AI) industry, and specifically with IMB’s new creation ‘Project Debater’, which is the algorithm that is increasing the likelihood that a computer may soon be able to understand and interact with what could be described as a ‘grey area’, when it comes to the differentiation between humans and technology.

The study consists of IBM researchers from all over the world reporting on the AI system’s progress. Following on from the 2019 debate with Natarajan, a train of similar tests have been recorded, and evaluated on nearly 80 different topics by 15 members of a virtual audience, between Project Debater and three other expert human debaters.

As reported by Scientific American “these human-against-machine contests, neither side is allowed access to the Internet. Instead, each is given 15 minutes to ‘collect their thoughts,’ as Christopher P. Sciacca, manager of communications for IBM Research’s global labs, puts it. This means the human debater can take a moment to jot down ideas about a topic at hand, such as subsidised preschool, while Project Debater combs through millions of previously stored newspaper articles and Wikipedia entries, analysing specific sentences and commonalities and disagreements on particular topics. Following the prep time, both sides alternately deliver four-minute speeches, and then each gives a two-minute closing statement.”

Although Project Debater has come a significantly long way, it still hasn’t managed to argue past the human debaters, but to be fair, neither can most other humans. What is the real point of having an AI system that has the ability to argue anyway? Well, humans live online, and bots are frequently chatting to us without us possibly being able to decipher whether it is one or not. One goal is to make this exact process even harder for us to know the difference.

Researcher Chris Reed from the University of Dundee, who isn’t part of the Project Debater team, but wrote in a commentary also published in Nature saying that “More than 50 laboratories worldwide are working on the problem, including teams at all the large software corporations.” Which leads us to realise that these systems aren’t going anywhere in the future. As Futurism wrote on the topic, to prepare ourselves for what’s to come “we should all perhaps start thinking about how to choose our battles. Before you get sucked into another online argument, keep in mind it might just be some bot on the other end that will endlessly engage in the fight until you just walk away—or waste hours screaming into the digital void.”

Models of what constitutes as a ‘good argument’ are diverse, and on the other hand, a good debate can amount to, as Reed puts it, “little more than formalised intuitions.” The article continues to pose that the challenge argument-technology systems face will basically be whether to treat arguments as local fragments of discourse influenced by an isolated set of considerations, or to “weave them into the larger tapestry of societal-scale debates.” Reed writes that “this is about engineering the problem to be tackled, rather than engineering the solution.”

In the real, human world, there are no clear boundaries to determine an argument; solutions are more often than not subjective to a range of contextual ideas. However, if Project Debater is further adapted and in turn successful, Reed comments that “Given the wildfires of fake news, the polarisation of public opinion and the ubiquity of lazy reasoning, that ease belies an urgent need for humans to be supported in creating, processing, navigating and sharing complex arguments—support that AI might be able to supply. So although Project Debater tackles a grand challenge that acts mainly as a rallying cry for research, it also represents an advance towards AI that can contribute to human reasoning.”

In their essence, AI systems are defined by a machine’s ability to perform a task that is usually associated with intelligent human beings: argument and debate are fundamental to the way humans interact and react to the world around them, and so, within our human world that has become increasingly parallel in importance to another—the internet world—having an intelligent system of interactions and reactions will simply solidify the parallel. Whether that is in fact a good or bad thing is still open to human debate.

An algorithm is challenging the most intelligent human minds in debate. What happens when it wins?


By Harriet Piercy

Apr 5, 2021

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