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Trump’s impeachment: what is it, will it happen, and what does it mean for future presidents?

Donald Trump has been forced into the naughty corner continuously throughout his US presidency, for almost every reason possible, and by almost every person out there in one way or another. With his sore loser attitude to suitably end off 2020, and his refusal to hand over the presidential baton in 2021, he now faces impeachment for the second time, which is a first in presidential history. What does this mean, exactly? And to further ask, what does this particular transition of presidential candidates mean for the future of presidency globally?

What does impeachment mean?

In basic terms, impeachment is when the constitution permits congress to remove a president from their positions before their term is up, only if enough votes count toward that certain president committing treason, bribery or other high crimes. High crimes officially mean an abuse of power by a profilically high public official, such as a president.

The process of impeachment begins with a trial being held in the Senate, and after the trial the Senators vote on whether to convict the president of the alleged crime(s) or not. If there are less than two thirds of the Senate’s vote to convict, the president will remain in office. Alternatively, if two thirds (67 per cent) of the Senate vote to convict, then the vice president will take over the presidency in office.

There have only ever been two US presidents who have faced impeachment: Andrew Johnson in 1868 and Bill Clinton in 1998, however both presidents were ultimately cleared to go ahead and complete their terms in office.

The Trump impeachment

Trump has already faced impeachment back in 2019, for corruptly using levers of government to solicit election assistance from Ukraine in order to dig up damaging information on his 2020 presidential challenger, Joe Biden, as well as his son Hunter. Fast forward a year, where Biden is soon to become the next president of the US, but Trump refuses to pack his bags and fires accusations at a corruption of ballot counting, claiming that he is still rightfully president and should serve another term in power.

On Wednesday 6 January 2021, Trump told thousands of supporters that he will “never concede” the 2020 presidential election and urged them to walk to the Capitol building. At the same time, vice president Mike Pence released a statement in which he said that he didn’t have the authority to decide which electoral college votes are accepted or rejected. Legislators then gathered for a congressional session to certify President-elect Joe Biden’s election victory once and for all.

Meanwhile, the seething red-capped Trump allies reached and broke into the Capitol where the electoral results were being finalised. The extraordinary events that took place that day have led legislators to set course for the impeachment of Trump’s presidency with just days left in his term.

So why would you impeach a president that really isn’t a president anymore? In this case, it’s to make sure that by the time Biden comes to the end of his own presidency in four years time, Trump can’t flare up with another campaign to take on a second term. Another side to Trump’s impeachment, is if he is convicted, he’ll have to kiss his presidential perks goodbye. We’re talking big perks here too, not to mention the pension among them which is set to be $219.000 this year, even if Trump boasts billionaire status.

As far as today stands, congress is inches closer, but not yet decided on subjecting Trump to a second impeachment. Pence is still considering the risks of the president becoming more unstable and volatile with his decisions during the last days of his presidency, but Trump’s past behaviour only suggests that his acting rashly should not come as a surprise. A source close to Pence told CNN that this may be “putting the nation at even greater risk.” According to Mother Jones, regardless of what congress decides, one perk that Trump will get to keep is his Secret Service detail—”lifetime protection, even to presidents removed from office”.

Behind the Trump impeachment

Through all of this however, there are even larger stories to shed light on. One being the glaring question of whether what Trump is claiming is actually true or not. Was the election rigged against his favour? Potentially. Most elections all over the world are in fact manipulated and corrupted, but that is yet to be spoken freely of or analysed properly due to the obvious benefits that corruption initiates for places and people in power.

However in Trump’s case, the result of this election going against his expectations made him raise his voice and that of his political party, therefore drawing attention to figures that potentially otherwise may have been brushed aside for the greater good (of society or power, but that’s another matter).

Following the violent events that took place at Capitol Hill and were incited by the president himself, both in person and online, the American society now faces another enormity that could affect the rest of the world. For the first time ever, the media have banned a head of state, instead of a head of state banning the media.

Trump has been banned permanently off of social media platforms such as Facebook and Twitter, which thus far had been his ranting platform of choice and self-promotion machine. What does this newly accepted power mean for the future of presidencial duty as well as electoral processes?

Trump critics applaud this deplatforming, yet others worry that the moves taken by such tech platforms demonstrate how much political power is in fact built up by just a handful of private companies. The debate lies between the right to freedom of public speech and the breach of that company’s content policies.

These are all consequential realities that the uproar of Trump’s reaction to his loss has brought to light, however, big questions aside, for now two things are certain: Trump has to go for good whether Biden deserves his win or not, and the next political decade has truly awoken it’s next real stage opponent: Big Tech businesses.

Here’s what happened at Trump’s rally, how it turned into a deadly riot and what will happen to Trump

For weeks now, Donald Trump had been pointing to 6 January as a day of reckoning. It was when he told his supporters to come to Washington D.C. and challenge Congress (Vice President Mike Pence included) to discard the results of the US election and keep the presidency in his hands.

As the president himself encouraged the growing crowd, which had chanted “stop the steal” and “bullshit” at his prompting, to march the two miles from the White House to the Capitol. “We will never give up. We will never concede,” Trump said. “Our country has had enough. We will not take it anymore.” Here’s how the protest quickly turned into a deadly riot.

What happened in the Capitol at first?

As Trump was concluding his remarks, a different kind of drama was playing out within the Capitol itself, as a joint session of Congress prepared to organise the state-by-state results of the election.

First, Pence released a statement that he did not have such powers and his role was “largely ceremonial.” Then Republicans issued their first challenge to Arizona votes, and the House and Senate began their separate deliberations on whether to accept Joe Biden’s victory there.

“The oath that I took this past Sunday to defend and support the Constitution makes it necessary for me to object to this travesty,” said newly elected Congresswoman Lauren Boebert, who had recently made headlines for insisting that she would carry a handgun with her in Congress. “I will not allow the people to be ignored.”

Meanwhile, Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell had a different opinion: “If this election were overturned by mere allegations from the losing side, our democracy would enter a death spiral. We’d never see the whole nation accept an election again. Every four years would be a scramble for power at any cost.”

He added that the chamber was designed to “stop short-term passions from boiling over and melting the foundations of our republic,” and as he said that, Trump supporters, most probably inspired by the earlier speech of the president, stormed the Capitol.

How a ‘peaceful protest’ turned into a deadly riot

Encouraged by Trump’s earlier words, supporters marched from the White House to the Capitol and swamped the insufficient security in place, which brought the proceedings to a grinding halt, as lawmakers, staff and media rushed to find shelter from the rioters.

As many highlighted on social media, the contrast between the law enforcement reaction to the storming of the Capitol on Wednesday and the suppression of peaceful Black Lives Matter protests in the summer is stark.

The Guardian writes, “The Black Lives Matter demonstrators crowd outside the White House on 1 June was a block away from the building and made no attempt to breach its security. It was a mostly Black crowd, and it was charged by a force made up of Washington police, US Park police, over 5,000 national guard troops and federal agencies like the bureau of prisons. An army helicopter swooped low over the heads of the protesters. Teargas, batons and horses were used to clear a block so that Donald Trump could stage a photo op outside a church across the road. A national guard commander later admitted there had been ‘excessive use of force’.”

In contrast, the mob that stormed the seat of US democracy on Wednesday 6 January had openly talked about such a plan, were explicitly intent on overturning a fair election, and some had hinted they might be carrying guns. They were almost all white. Many were openly white supremacists, and yet the thin Capitol police collapsed in their path.

One big difference was that Trump was driving the deployment in June. On Wednesday, however, he stayed silent, apparently unwilling to set troops on his own supporters.

And just like that, while Congress was certifying Joe Biden’s win, Trump supporters breached the Capitol and made it all the way to the Senate floor and the office of House Speaker Nancy Pelosi.

Trump rioters scaled the building and reached its doors without much resistance from the police, who were clearly outnumbered and didn’t manage to stop the mob from entering. Shortly after, Congress suspended its debate after someone informed them that protesters were already in the building.

They attempted to gain entrance to the House chamber against armed guards. In total, it took the police almost four hours to secure the building. A curfew was set and crowds were ‘dispersed’.

Four protesters died

According to the BBC, one woman was shot by police, while three others died as a result of medical emergencies, officials said.

“Washington DC Mayor Muriel Bowser said the woman was part of a group of individuals that forced entry into the House room, which was still in session. They were confronted by plainclothes officers, and an officer pulled out a weapon and fired it.

The woman was taken to hospital and proclaimed dead. She has not been officially named, but local media identified her as San Diego-area US Air Force veteran and Trump supporter Ashli Babbit.

Officials said the three other deaths included one woman and two men, but details of how they died have not been made public. At least 14 members of the police were injured during the unrest.”

A timeline of the riot

Protesters surged up the Capitol steps at about 14:15 local time (19:15 GMT), shoving past barricades and officers in riot gear to penetrate the building. The invasion sent members of Congress scrambling for cover under their seats as tear gas was fired.

According to Washington Metropolitan Police Chief Robert Contee, the mob (some of whom wore body armour) used chemical irritants to attack police. They shouted and waved pro-Trump and US flags as they roamed the halls, demanding the results of the presidential election be overturned.

Several thousand National Guard troops, FBI agents and US Secret Service were deployed to help overwhelmed Capitol police. Two pipe bombs were recovered, one from the Democratic National Committee offices, not far from the Capitol, and one from the nearby Republican National Committee headquarters.

After the building was secured by law enforcement, there was little sign that the protesters were going to go home, despite a citywide curfew declared by the city mayor from 6 p.m. to 6 a.m.

What did Biden say?

Biden’s speech came amid scenes of utter chaos in and around the Capitol, as hundreds of pro-Trump protesters swarmed the building, forcing the Senate to evacuate and Vice President Mike Pence to be ushered to a secure location.

“This is not dissent. It’s disorder. It’s chaos. It borders on sedition and it must end now,” Biden said during a brief address from Wilmington, Delaware. “I call on this mob to pull back and allow the work of democracy to go forward.”

“Therefore, I call on President Trump to go on national television, now, to fulfil his oath and defend the Constitution and demand an end to this siege. To storm the Capitol, to smash windows, to occupy offices, and to threaten the safety of duly elected officials is not protest. It is insurrection. The world is watching—and like so many other Americans, I am shocked and saddened that our nation, so long a beacon of light, hope, and democracy has come to such a dark moment,” he added.

What did Trump say?

Minutes after Biden’s speech, Trump addressed the nation too, ignoring some crucial parts of what had taken place earlier. Sandwiched between his familiar complaints about the election being “stolen,” he told his supporters “to go home, we love you, you’re very special.”

Once more, Trump completely ignored transgressions from his supporters, just like he did when speaking about “very fine people on both sides” after the clashes at a white supremacist rally in Charlottesville or his “stand back and stand by” message to the far-right Proud Boys group during the first debate with Biden.

Trump blocked from posting on Twitter, Instagram, Facebook, Snapchat and YouTube

Trump’s tweet, and two subsequent ones which also praised his supporters, were flagged and then removed by Twitter, which took the unprecedented step of blocking the president’s account for 12 hours. Facebook followed suit, banning Trump for a full day.

Snap Inc. later joined them in blocking his ability to post to Snapchat. One of the post that Twitter required Trump to delete included a video of him sending love to the violent uprising in Washington protesting his November loss to Joe Biden. The same video was also removed by Google’s YouTube and helped tip the scales at Facebook, which extended the block to its Instagram app as well.

“As a result of the unprecedented and ongoing violent situation in Washington, D.C., we have required the removal of three @realDonaldTrump Tweets that were posted earlier today for repeated and severe violations of our Civic Integrity policy,” Twitter wrote in a post on its site. A spokesperson confirmed that Trump has since deleted the tweets, which means he’ll regain his posting privileges after a 12-hour suspension.

For years, social media—especially Twitter—has been Trump’s preferred way to disseminate information directly to the public. For the first time in his presidency, for the first time in his long, intimate relationship with social media, Donald Trump had been silenced!

Could Trump go now?

The president’s incitement and encouragement of Wednesday’s events has led to urgent calls for him to be removed from office with immediate effect, despite being just days away from the end of his presidential term and the inauguration of Biden. Within hours of police regaining control of the Capitol two routes to Trump’s removal had already been set out.

The first is impeachment (a second time for Trump) called for by several Democratic lawmakers, and one Republican. Democrat representative Ilhan Omar said on Wednesday afternoon that she was already drawing up articles of impeachment, as many politicians remained under lockdown inside the Capitol building.

“Donald J Trump should be impeached by the House of Representatives and removed from office by the United States Senate,” she tweeted. “We can’t allow him to remain in office, it’s a matter of preserving our Republic and we need to fulfil our oath.”

The Republican governor of Vermont, Phil Scott, also called for Trump to resign or be removed from office in a series of tweets Wednesday evening.

According to The Huffington Post, “US advocacy organisations, including civil rights leaders the NAACP, Stand Up America and Citizens for Ethics, have also called for Trump’s impeachment. In a Wednesday statement, NAACP president Derrick Johnson accused Trump of inciting a coup due to his ‘reckless leadership, a pervasive misuse of power, and anarchy’.”

The second route to Trump’s removal is via the 25th Amendment, as called for by several news publications including the Washington Post. The 25th Amendment is a law that allows the Vice President to take over presidential duties if the president is no longer able to do his job due to sickness or disability.

Once a president is removed under the 25th Amendment, the Vice President and cabinet members can decide if the president is “unable to discharge the powers and duties” of the White House. The amendment itself, introduced in 1967, has never been triggered before.

Reports emerging since the president’s election loss and on Wednesday itself have indicated that Trump has become entirely obsessed with falsely “proving” the election to be fraudulent. CNN’s chief White House correspondent Jim Acosta said on Wednesday that a Republican source had told him he believed Trump is “out of his mind.”