If you’re one to follow trending stories, you may have come across news that flying cars, a concept once ascribed strictly to Sci Fi novels and Steven Spielberg blockbusters, will in fact hit the market sooner than anticipated.
As numerous motor, aviation, and startup companies are racing to manufacture the world’s first flying vehicle, some predict that the first such ‘car’ will be in usage by 2023. While this development may be honey to the ears of tech-enthusiasts worldwide, it will, at least initially, be relevant and accessible exclusively to the wealthy.
According to MIT Technology Review’s editor in chief, Gideon Lichfield, roughly 20 different types of flying vehicles are currently being developed through various methods by both major companies such as Airbus and Boeing and smaller ones, such as the German Volocopter. While some will operate similarly to rotor-driven drones, the majority are expected to be “fixed-wing craft with propellers that point upwards for vertical takeoff and landing (VTOL)”. Evidently, the main forces behind the spiking ambition in the flying car industry are improvements in communication and guidance systems, developments in software that allows vehicles to fly themselves, and advancements in battery technology that would enable electric flights.
Initially, such vehicles will most likely be operated by licensed pilots (which would dramatically increase the price of rides), and function as sort of a flying taxi service carrying the wealthy over short distances in urban centres where traffic is congested. Uber, for instance, has teamed up with NASA to produce a shared flying ride service, which will be operating between Frisco, Texas and the Dallas Fort Worth airport. They intend to begin testing in the next year and launch commercial flights by 2023.
In Japan, where ride sharing may seem less appealing, companies, such as SkyDrive and Cartivator are working to produce VTOLs that carry two passengers over short distances. “It will be as large as a general-sized car, and because it will taxi as well, it will be able to take off and land almost anywhere.” Says Tomohiro Fukuzawa, the president and representative director of Cartivator in an interview for IEEE Spectrum.
The ultimate goal of all of these companies is to streamline production and make flying vehicles a transportation method accessible to the wider public. They will do so by, eventually, eliminating the role of the pilot and relying solely on algorithms that enable the cars to fly themselves (under supervision by ground control personnel that will be able to take over and navigate the vehicle in case of an emergency). Furthermore, as pointed out by Lichfield, seeing as the “propellers’ energy goes into pushing them forward after takeoff, not keeping them aloft,” it is safe to predict that the flying vehicle’s energy use per mile would be somewhat equal to that of an electric car.
A panel of company directors and experts hosted by Lichfield has predicted that ultimately a trip of several miles will cost the passengers just a bit more than a cab ride (roughly $40-$50); an option some busy commuters in impossibly dense metropolises may find appealing.
Another obstacle faced by VTOL vehicle producers is a regulatory one. Collaborating with local governments and cities to manage air traffic over their territories will undoubtedly be a challenge, and require the establishment of special departments in municipalities to oversee such operations.
Whether it takes ten or twenty or thirty years for flying vehicles to become beneficiary to the average Joe and Joette, we must ask ourselves, is this a luxury we, humans, can afford? With the planet heating up at a dazzling pace, and pollution and deepening inequality ravaging our communities, is it sensible, moral, and practical to allocate billions of dollars to an enterprise that is expected to, at least in the foreseeable future, serve but a niche market? Yes, battery operated vehicles may ultimately reduce emissions and render our transportation landscape more green, but these slick flying machines don’t seem to be the answer. With all due respect to the aspiration of motor and aviation moguls, it is highly doubtful that their airborne inventions will attain ubiquity anytime soon. And our planet’s clock is ticking.
Two lunar eclipses took place in the last six months and we have all been raising our gazes to the sky to witness the space-spectacle that these were. Now imagine if, instead of a lunar eclipse, a giant advertisement would appear among the stars; Coca-Cola, Adidas, or Nike for instance. Well, regardless of whether the idea of using space as a platform for advertisement sparks excitement or scepticism in you, it could potentially become the sky’s next big thing as a Russian startup is currently working to project ads onto the deep blue sky, it seems as though the saying the sky is the limit might need a 2021 revamp.
StartRocket’s ambitious project, which goes under the title of Orbital Display, aims to launch billboard advertisements to low-earth orbit using a grid of box-sized satellites, also known as CubeSats, designed in collaboration with SkolTech, a private university based in Moscow that is developing the prototype. The idea is that the small satellites would orbit around 280 miles from the ground and function by reflecting the sunlight to create a network of nanosats that work as a framework for panels to be ‘written’ on. To make sure Orbital Display would not exclusively serve commercial purposes, the startup intends to use this technology to also enable governments to project urgent information and other statements onto the grids.
Forget about Don Draper, StartRocket’s CEO and founder Vladilen Sitnikov seems more reckless than our favourite mad man. Sitnikov defines himself as an “advertising guy with a crazy idea”, as explained in the science magazine Discover. His idea does sound crazy, not because of its potential technological limits, but mainly because of the short term commercial ethos that it relies on. Technically, if properly funded, the project could easily take off by 2021, and it wouldn’t be the first nor the last commercial project floating in space. Around two thousand minisatellites are currently circulating in the sky, powered by tech companies such as Rocket Lab, Boeing, SpaceX as well as by universities and armies. The “microlaunch space race” is happening and is set to grow, but regardless of the popularity of microsatellites, being sceptical towards Sitnikov’s project is more than reasonable.
Astronomer John Barentine, member of the American Astronomical Society’s Committee on Light Pollution, Radio Interference and Space Debris is convinced that the space billboards could increase light pollution while producing space debris. As we are still struggling to find sustainable solutions to both pollution and waste on the ground, shouldn’t we think twice before starting to pollute space in the name of advertisements?
Moreover—even though the vision of a floating luminous logo does sound tempting—in a moment when advertising is increasingly becoming hyper-personalised and everywhere in our lives, I have my doubts that a universal logo projected in the sky represents the future of advertisement. “It’s human nature to advertise everything … Brands [are] a beautiful part of humankind,” Sitnikov said in a video call with Discover. Let’s assume that his statement is accurate, just because it is human nature to advertise everything, are we sure it is human nature to advertise everywhere?