US Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) has announced an upcoming ‘Citizens Academy’ that would familiarise a select group of Americans with the agency’s Enforcement and Removal Operations (ERO) and provide training on how to identify and detain undocumented immigrants.
The course, set to begin on 15 September, will be carried out by the ICE Chicago Field Office and serve as a pilot for a nationwide programme.
For six weeks, civilian attendees will receive “scenario based training” and “hear directly from ERO officers and learn about ICE policies and procedures,” the agency said in a statement. Among other features, the course will include “classroom instruction, visiting an immigration detention center, learning more about the health care ICE provides to those in its custody, and examining ICE’s role in ensuring dignity, respect and due process of an immigration case from start to finish.”
The agency claims that the Academy’s purpose is to give the community an opportunity to “get to know our officers, understand our mission, and see firsthand how the agency enforces the federal immigration laws enacted by Congress.”
“The Citizens Academy also affords ICE the opportunity to hear from participants, understand their perspectives and debunk myths,” the statement reads.
But this Kumbaya rhetoric surrounding the academy and its objectives falsely portray the mandate and conduct of an immigration agency that repeatedly engages in atrocious human rights violations and sows terror in immigrant communities. It also obscures the dire consequences that such a course could have on American society, whether intentionally or unintentionally (most likely the former, though).
In a statement for Newsweek, ICE spokesperson Nicole Alberico said that “ICE is not training anyone to do immigration enforcement.” This is hard to believe, however, seeing as the course curriculum includes training in “defensive tactics, firearms familiarization and targeted arrests.”
Such a programme would undoubtedly instil a sense of solidarity with ICE’s mission among individuals holding anti-immigration or racist stances and might inspire attendees with a propensity for vigilantism to take up arms (which is totally legal in the US) and act as de facto immigration enforcement agents.
Alberico further told Newsweek that “ICE wants to show the humanitarian efforts and due process that is behind every targeted immigration arrest,”—a cringe-worthy comment that attests to the lack of transparency surrounding the Academy and its mission. Since the agency’s inception in 2003, mountains of evidence and testimonies have exposed the public to ICE’s violent raids and arrests, the terror it inspires in vulnerable communities, the racist agendas it promotes, its brutal separation of families, and its imprisonment of people under inhumane conditions that resulted in the deaths of numerous detainees—including children. The attempt of the agency to mask its conduct under a banner of humanitarianism amounts to nothing short of deception.
Let’s also consider the timing of the agency’s announcement. As the nation is rattled by widespread public protests against police brutality and systemic racism, ICE opted to embark on a fallacious PR campaign through a programme that seeks to glorify state-sanctioned violence and would exacerbate racial profiling and attacks on black and brown people.
“The Citizens Academy program will train citizens to perpetuate race-based violence and further normalizes hate crimes that already devastate our neighborhoods,” said Sara John, executive director of IFCLA, in a statement shared with Newsweek. “Our tax dollars should not be spent on this hatred. Especially not when a global pandemic continues to wreak havoc on our communities. This blatant endorsement of white supremacy coded in a false display of patriotism seeks to excuse racial profiling and will only lead to increased violence, hatred and xenophobia in our communities.”
While the Citizens Academy will be the agency’s first course focusing specifically on ERO, it isn’t the first outreach programme conducted by ICE. Back in 2012, under former President Barack Obama, ICE launched a ‘Citizens’ Academy’ that provided “members of the general public with an inside look at ICE and how the agency enforces immigration and customs laws.” The whitewashing of ICE’s conduct and the sanctioning of its brutality may have intensified under Trump, but had begun long before he took office.
Just last week, ICE announced that it would revoke the visas of over a million foreign students whose universities switched to online-only learning due to COVID-19. The public outrage that erupted immediately following the announcement, as well as a lawsuit against ICE filed by Harvard and MIT, resulted in the administration abandoning the policy.
Public pressure works, and if enough people speak out against the Citizens Academy, it will be possible to nip this racist, anti-immigration propaganda tool in the bud.
The US government announced Monday that international students whose universities are transitioning to online-only learning due to COVID-19 will lose their status and have to leave the country. News regarding the policy have sowed chaos, fear, and confusion among over one million foreign students currently living in the US and have rattled the institutions they attend. A lawsuit seeking to block the new rule has already been filed by Harvard and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).
“The U.S. Department of State will not issue visas to students enrolled in schools and/or programs that are fully online for the fall semester nor will U.S. Customs and Border Protection permit these students to enter the United States,” the 6 July announcement by Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) reads. “Active students currently in the United States enrolled in such programs must depart the country or take other measures, such as transferring to a school with in-person instruction to remain in lawful status.”
ICE further stated that students who fail to abide by the rules—that is to switch to a school that offers in-person classes or leave the country by the beginning of the fall semester—will face “immigration consequences” and be subjected to forced removal from the US.
The new rule has caught both students and universities off guard, as exemptions to existing immigration laws (which restricts the number of online courses foreign students can take) that were put in place for the 2020 spring and summer semesters due to the coronavirus outbreak were abruptly revoked.
Since news of the new policy broke out, foreign students across the US have been scrambling to find institutions that offer at least some in-person courses. Others have been creating spreadsheets where American students could swap in-person for online classes and give their spot to international students.
“There’s slim pickings for classes, and they all filled up so fast once the news came out that we’re pretty much left with no option,” said Rhea Joshi, an international student from India at the University of California, Los Angeles, in an interview for The New York Times.
“If they’re not going to be a student or they’re going to be 100 percent online, then they don’t have a basis to be here,” said Kenneth T. Cuccinelli II, the acting deputy secretary of the Department of Homeland Security (ICE’s parent agency), in a CNN interview on Tuesday. “They should go home, and then they can return when the school opens.”
But that’s far from being the case. Foreign students are more than mere cogs in a higher-education machine. These are people who, over the course of their studies, have created communities and established a life in the US.
“After 14 years of living in the United States, my native country is foreign to me,” Deepasha Debnath, a 22-year-old San Francisco State University student who was brought to the US from India as a kid, told the Times. For most of her life, Debnath was dependent on her parent’s visa, but ultimately had to procure a student visa in order to remain in the country and attend school. Now, the Times reports, as her school switched exclusively to online courses, Debnath would have to return to India, a country she does not know, and leave her family behind.
Foreign students also provide an important support to the educational institutions they attend and the US economy as a whole, as they usually pay full tuition and spend money while not being allowed to work. Studies show that, in Michigan alone, international students contributed $1.2 billion to the state economy in 2018.
Harvard University and the MIT, both of whom have a significant foreign student body and are enacting an online-only curriculum for the time being, have filed a lawsuit against the new rule on Wednesday, arguing that the government has failed to provide adequate justification for the policy and give the public sufficient time to prepare.
In a statement on Wednesday, Harvard President Lawrence Bacow condemned the new rule as cruel and reckless, and claimed that it was issued in order to pressure universities to open their campuses and resume in-person courses in the fall “without regard to concerns for the health and safety of students, instructors, and others.”
Meanwhile, an open letter has been circulating online and gathering signatures from faculty members at universities throughout the country who call on ICE to reverse its policy and for universities to throw their full support behind the effort to protect international students.
“International students are students,” the open letter reads, “They are also contributors to the growth of higher education in the US. We as educators reject the artificial distinction between foreign and domestic students, which undermines the pursuit of both knowledge and justice.”
The new policy is the latest move in a years-long campaign by the Trump administration to curtail legal immigration to the US—an effort designed primarily to appease a sector of conservative voters who seek to significantly limit immigration. The outbreak of COVID-19 has been utilised by the administration as a justification to escalate its attack on both legal and undocumented immigrants with a slew of policies restricting entry to the US, gutting asylum procedures, and suspending the issuance of visas.